Does Disney’s ‘Luca’ Have a Gay Character?


A Background of the Gay Best Friend in Film and television

Practically as lengthy as rom-coms as well as secondary school television shows have actually existed, the Gay Friend u2122 has actually been a source of comedy and also conflict.2 gay friends Commonly an essential primary step in presenting queer stories to conventional target markets, the GBF trope had a tendency to reinforce stereotypes about gay men: that their only rate of interests are makeovers, shopping as well as drama, that their battles and relationships discolor into the history unless they’re sustaining a straight man’s story, and that they just exist to be smart oracles concerning love and also love.

As LGBTQ representation in Hollywood improves both onscreen and behind the cam, flicks as well as TV shows are obtaining increasingly independent, producing gay characters who provide the comic alleviation we love while taking down obsolete suggestions. From Rupert Everett in My Best Friend’s Wedding to Dan Levy in Happiest Season, right here’s a look at several of one of the most notable GBFs of the past couple of decades, as well as recent characters who are altering the game.

Possibly the earliest example of the traditional Gay Friend personality is in 1984 film The Female in Red, a Gene Wilder comedy concerning a married man that comes to be stressed with a version (Kelly LeBrock) after he sees her skirt get exploded by a wind grate, Marilyn Monroe-style. Pal (Charles Grodin), among his circle of pals, pertains to the rescue when Wilder’s character is virtually figured out by his other half and also mother-in-law at a birthday celebration event.

A minor character with limited display time, Friend does win factors for being portrayed as just an additional one of the individuals, that takes place to be gay– a huge offer for movies in the 80s.

There are several points to enjoy regarding Fact Bites (1994)– spot-on Gen X fashion, a remarkable soundtrack, as well as Janeane Garofalo at her snarky finest. Steve Zahn’s GBF personality Sammy is likewise a nice touch, as short lived as his screen time may be. A lot more amusing, charming, and insecure than classy and also stereotyped, Sammy is a Houston slacker who chums around with Garofalo and her roommate, aspiring filmmaker Lelaina (Winona Ryder).

Sammy’s sexuality is disclosed in clips of Lelaina’s documentary on her circle of close friends, where Sammy describes his celibacy (non-sexual GBF, go number) and also his hurt coming out to his family members. By the end of the movie, we learn Sammy has a fella, yet we don’t ever before see him. His plotline may be slim as a wisp, yet Zahn presses a whole lot of mileage out of a small role.

Rickie Vasquez (Wilson Cruz) of ABC’s short-lived cult timeless My So-Called Life (1994-1995) is among the very first examples of a gay character in a senior high school set collection– but what makes him particularly notable is that he challenged the Gay Friend trope prior to it was even a trope. As this checklist shows, GBFs are overwhelmingly white, as well as up until lately they were frequently played by straight stars.

2 gay friends

Cruz, an Afro-Puerto Rican man, was the initial openly gay actor to play a honestly gay character in a leading role in an American tv program.

While Rickie was friends with straight ladies at his institution, the way his storyline managed homophobia as well as self-acceptance was years ahead of its time. It’s not surprising that that fans still come close to Cruz to inform him how much his personality meant to them.

Why do all the cutest people end up being gay, am I right, girls? Beverly Hills princess Cher Horowitz (Alicia Silverstone) runs into this very 90s joke in Unaware, Amy Heckerling’s clever adaptation of Jane Austen’s Emma. While playing matchmaker at her high school, Cher crushes on a suave new pupil named Christian (Justin Pedestrian) and also attempts to lose her virginity to him, missing out on all the titan, stereotypical signs that he plays for the other team. Ultimately her buddies have to clarify that Christian is a “cake child”– a “disco-dancing, Oscar Wilde-reading, Streisand ticket-holding Friend of Dorothy.”

On the upside, Cher obtains her very own GBF out of the situation, as well as Christian prospers in making Cher’s ex-stepbrother Josh (Paul Rudd) jealous enough to understand he’s in love with her.

The multiple-Oscar-winning film As Good As It Gets (1997) from James L. Brooks stars Jack Nicholson as Melvin, an obsessive-compulsive (as well as conceited) romance novelist, whose life is made richer thanks to the unwarranted love as well as kindness of the people around him. Helen Search stars as Carol, a single mama as well as his love passion who “makes him intend to be a far better male,” while former Talk Soup host Greg Kinnear amazed audiences with his remarkable acting chops as Simon, the gay next-door neighbor that becomes buddies with the curmudgeonly Melvin.

When Simon, an artist, is severely battered by a buddy of one of his models, his agent (Cuba Gooding Jr.) urges that Melvin care for Simon’s lap dog. As Hollywood would have it, Melvin and the pup create a bond, as well as at some point Simon and also Melvin do too. The friendship becomes an additional method through which to measure the lead character’s growth as a person.

A Background of the Gay Friend in Movie and television

Almost as lengthy as rom-coms and also secondary school television shows have existed, the Gay Best Friend u2122 has actually given comedy and also debate.2 gay friends Usually a vital initial step in presenting queer stories to mainstream target markets, the GBF trope tended to enhance stereotypes regarding gay guys: that their only interests are makeovers, buying and also drama, that their struggles and also relationships fade right into the background unless they’re supporting a straight man’s story, and that they just exist to be wise oracles about love as well as romance.

As LGBTQ depiction in Hollywood boosts both onscreen and also behind the electronic camera, motion pictures as well as TV shows are getting progressively self-aware, creating gay characters that supply the comic alleviation we enjoy while tearing down obsolete concepts. From Rupert Everett in My Friend’s Wedding celebration to Dan Levy in Happiest Season, below’s a consider a few of one of the most significant GBFs of the past few decades, as well as recent characters that are changing the game.

Maybe the earliest example of the timeless Gay Best Friend character remains in 1984 flick The Lady in Red, a Genetics Wilder funny about a married man who becomes stressed with a model (Kelly LeBrock) after he sees her skirt obtain exploded by a wind grate, Marilyn Monroe-style. Pal (Charles Grodin), one of his circle of friends, comes to the rescue when Wilder’s character is virtually discovered by his wife and mother-in-law at a birthday celebration.

A small character with minimal screen time, Buddy does win points for being represented as simply one more one of the guys, who happens to be gay– a big bargain for films in the 80s.

There are many points to like regarding Truth Bites (1994)– spot-on Gen X fashion, an unforgettable soundtrack, and also Janeane Garofalo at her snarky ideal. Steve Zahn’s GBF character Sammy is likewise a good touch, as short lived as his display time may be. A lot more amusing, cute, and also insecure than trendy and stereotypical, Sammy is a Houston slacker that pals around with Garofalo and her roomie, striving filmmaker Lelaina (Winona Ryder).

Sammy’s sexuality is exposed in clips of Lelaina’s documentary on her circle of close friends, where Sammy describes his celibacy (non-sexual GBF, go figure) as well as his pained coming out to his household. By the end of the motion picture, we learn Sammy has a fella, however we do not ever before see him. His plotline might be slim as a bit, however Zahn squeezes a whole lot of gas mileage out of a small role.

Rickie Vasquez (Wilson Cruz) of ABC’s brief cult classic My So-Called Life (1994-1995) is one of the first examples of a gay personality in a secondary school ensemble series– yet what makes him especially notable is that he tested the Gay Best Friend trope before it was even a trope. As this listing shows, GBFs are overwhelmingly white, and until lately they were frequently played by straight actors. Cruz, an Afro-Puerto Rican guy, was the very first freely gay actor to play a honestly gay character in a leading duty in an American television show.

While Rickie was buddies with straight ladies at his college, the way his storyline dealt with homophobia as well as self-acceptance was years ahead of its time.

2 gay friends

It’s not surprising that that fans still come close to Cruz to tell him how much his personality indicated to them.

Why do all the cutest men wind up being gay, am I right, ladies? Beverly Hills princess Cher Horowitz (Alicia Silverstone) faces this incredibly 90s joke in Clueless, Amy Heckerling’s smart adjustment of Jane Austen’s Emma. While playing intermediator at her secondary school, Cher crushes on an affable new trainee called Christian (Justin Walker) and also tries to lose her virginity to him, missing all the giant, stereotyped signs that he plays for the various other team. Ultimately her good friends need to describe that Christian is a “cake boy”– a “disco-dancing, Oscar Wilde-reading, Streisand ticket-holding Good friend of Dorothy.”

On the advantage, Cher obtains her very own GBF out of the scenario, as well as Christian prospers in making Cher’s ex-stepbrother Josh (Paul Rudd) envious enough to recognize he’s in love with her.

The multiple-Oscar-winning film Like It Obtains (1997) from James L. Brooks stars Jack Nicholson as Melvin, an obsessive-compulsive (and egotistical) love author, whose life is made richer many thanks to the baseless love and also generosity of the people around him. Helen Hunt stars as Carol, a solitary mother and his love interest who “makes him wish to be a much better man,” while former Talk Soup host Greg Kinnear shocked target markets with his excellent acting chops as Simon, the gay next-door neighbor who becomes pals with the curmudgeonly Melvin.

When Simon, an artist, is severely beaten up by a good friend of one of his designs, his agent (Cuba Gooding Jr.) firmly insists that Melvin look after Simon’s small dog. As Hollywood would certainly have it, Melvin as well as the pup create a bond, and eventually Simon as well as Melvin do as well. The relationship becomes one more method by which to determine the protagonist’s growth as a human being.

I Idea I Didn’t Need Gay Friends; I Was Incorrect

Collect ’round, all those that are brought in to the exact same sex, along with allies and pals: I want to suggest a salute. Raise your glass of weak vodka soft drink garnished with 1/18th of a lime to the ever-so-important gay friend group.2 gay friends It’s a vital part of queer life and contains a stunning cacophony of characters that integrate in the glorious name of affectionate uniformity and also a typical, distinct bond. An even more meeting, growth-inducing, soul-nurturing, attractive group of individuals you ‘d be tough pushed to discover. (Apart from possibly, the Golden Girls.) To be frank, having a gay close friend group is as crucial to queer life as iced coffee itself.

It’s an unfortunate but true fact that growing up gay can be an isolating experience. Unless you’re from San Francisco’s Castro Area and had 2 deeply liberal, hippie parents– the kind that honestly smoked pot as well as listened to NPR, shout-out Terry Gross– being attracted to the same sex can make you feel like among the only individuals on earth. (I can picture this is the same feeling experienced by whoever adhered to the most up to date period of American Idol.) In addition to that, consider the hurdles of gay society: remaining in the closet, coming out, homophobia, internalized homophobia, and developing deep, unrequited crushes on straight associates from secondary school you barely spoke to, consisting of that guy who was two years older than you with the dirty brown hair and constantly used tank tops throughout the summertime as well as can have modeled and currently is probably married with three kids and also I’m quite sure his name was Ian.

Somewhere along this extremely gay marathon (and also I’m refraining from placing a pole allegory right here, send out congratulations at your benefit), you gradually build up some similar friends past individuals you’re talking to or dating, as well as begin to realize there are certainly others who have waded through the very same gush of emotions and experiences you’ve come across. Formerly seeming like the single gay in the universe, like Sigourney Weaver walking the halls of Nostromo at the end of Alien soaked in sweat, you have actually ultimately found other intelligent queer life. For the first time you recognize there are others that understand what the hell being gay is all about. (Unless you’re a narcissist, in which instance you are even more understanding and also understanding than any individual else could ever before be, and additionally, can I obtain you anything?)

With gay pals, you unexpectedly have others to sympathize with about much deeper information that no straight buddy, while compassionate, might ever be effectively geared up to recognize. Case in factor: giggling regarding the clumsiness that surface areas when your oblivious property manager playfully pushes you about exactly how appealing the woman next door is. Or just how when you’re purchasing a greeting card for someone you’re dating as well as the clerk asks you concerning ‘her.’ Or talking about how when you were all 12 years-old you place photos of women celebrities on your wall for no other reason than since that’s what every other boy was doing at the time, and not because you assumed Jennifer Love Hewitt was hot, neither since you wished to remind on your own that she provided an Oscar-worthy efficiency in I Know What You Did Last Summer. (It was MTV Film Honor quality, at finest.)

But more vital than trading battle tales, a group of gay buddies is there for you when you require them everyday. Did last evening’s excellent day ghost you? They’ll make you feel much better and inform you it probably wasn’t implied to be. Did a different date ghost you? They’ll claim you’ll definitely locate somebody else.2 gay friends And also if another date ghosts you? Then they’ll be sincere and also inform you to keep back in the future from quadruple texting the eggplant emoji if you don’t obtain a response right now.

As your straight buddies go off and do their god-knows-what right things (like seeing the new X-Men followed by beers at TGI Fridays, I think?), your gay close friends exist to obtain intoxicated with on a Saturday evening, adhered to by group messaging each various other on Sunday morning that GIF of Kim Kardashian gliding under bedcovers. A participant of your gay buddy team will also gladly be there to take a picture of you for your Instagram, and will be just as delighted to take the same image 30 more times with just somewhat various angles because it ends up it’s you who’s the narcissist.

The relevance of growing gay relationships discussed my head during my personal development, as I initially recognized my own sexuality as much as I recognized 11th grade mathematics. As well as like trying to determine the Pythagorean Theorem using a toaster as opposed to a calculator, navigating my own queerness at an early stage without gay buddies was a mainly useless effort. In fact, I never truly understood why a gay neighborhood also existed in my very early days. I had my very own straight friends, plus gay culture felt like something occurring on one more planet. I understood this most certainly vivid earth was enjoyable as well as cool, yet I had not been ready to head to Cape Canaveral and launch myself into area either. Comparable to Howard Schultz’s recent presidential project, I was badly illinformed.

What was lost on me was the brotherhood of a community that has actually been via so much, from the scaries of Mike Pence to those t shirts with the deep neck line that goes down past your chest. I strongly remember discovering for the very first time regarding the AIDS dilemma: an entire generation of individuals just like me who needed to take care of the annihilation that followed.2 gay friends Apart from being patient Instagram picture-takers and also knowing where the most effective events are, gay buddies supplied a major key to additional unlocking my inner-most truth as well as the legacy behind it. Similar To Queer Eye’s Jonathan needs his Antoni, I need my gay close friends … though my own can make more than guacamole.

So, please lift those watered-down vodka soft drinks with those brown, brown, wilting limes higher right into the air and make a toast to the gay good friends in your life. May they be there for you like Taylor Swift’s team is there for her: for assistance, to travel with, as well as to be trotted out the next time you perform at the Staples Facility.

a reason everybody points to 1997 movie My Friend’s Wedding as their go-to instance of a Gay Best Friend. When New york city food critic Jules (Julia Roberts) reads about the engagement of her long-lasting buddy Michael (Dermot Mulroney), who as soon as guaranteed to wed her if they were both still single by age 28, she launches into a complicated story to undermine the wedding celebration. She gets the aid of her gay close friend George (Rupert Everett), who goes down everything to fly to Chicago, acts to be Jules’ fiancu00e9 to make Michael envious, as well as trolls the hell out of her while dispensing nuggets of knowledge regarding her lovemaking.

George is such a dream of a character that he might also be a unicorn, yet Everett is just so charming about the entire point. Even though Jules stops working to recover the man she enjoys, it still feels like she is successful ultimately, even if George sings “I Say a Little Prayer” to her in a dining establishment and also dancings with her at the function.

Will Truman may be the quintessential GBF– because that’s his main personality quality in the early episodes of the renowned comedy, which launched in 1998, lasted up until 2006 and was rebooted in 2022. However Will (Eric McCormack) was a primary personality (not very GBF) as well as would at some point (there would certainly be a long haul) have some queer love in his life (not GBF in any way).

The actual gay best friend of the collection was Jack (Sean Hayes), a diva-loving queen who cycles through men, jobs, as well as random fixations.2 gay friends Certain, Jack is plenty stereotyped, but he was also hilarious– as well as as soon as Hayes came out (after the original series run), the characterization really felt much less troublesome. Throughout the reboot, Jack would likewise expand his GBF duty, obtaining a stable guy and a bit of Broadway splendor.

HBO series Sex and also the City (1998-2004) gave us one more common GBF in Stanford Blatch (Willie Garson), Carrie Bradshaw’s best friend– apart from Miranda, Charlotte and also Samantha, naturally. Her confidant considering that the 1980s New york city celebration scene, he can always be depended on for witty discourse concerning dating, shopping, as well as treatment. (” Just how can you not have a reduce? This is Manhattan. Also the reduces have shrinks. I have 3.”) After entering a bitter rivalry with Charlotte’s close friend Anthony for much of the show, Stanford kisses him at a New Year’s Eve party in the Sex and the City film, and weds him in the follow up.

Garson, a straight actor, recently reviewed why he was reluctant to disclose his sexuality in meetings. “For years I didn’t talk about it since I found it to be offending to gay people,” he claimed. “Individuals playing gay personalities raising as well as down screaming that they’re not gay, like that would somehow be a bad thing if they were.”

” What if I slept with my Gay Friend” was apparently a point we were performing in the late 1990s. In The Item of My Affection, New York social employee Nina (Jennifer Aniston) is flatmates with George (Paul Rudd), a gay primary school instructor. They spend their spare time ballroom dance and snuggling in bed enjoying flicks– however when Nina finds that she’s expectant by her self-important guy, she asks George to assist increase her kid and also the relationship gets complicated.

Certainly, Nina creates sensations for George, as well as at one point they get on the edge of making love when a telephone call from his ex-boyfriend disrupts them. The big emotional scene of the motion picture is an extremely pregnant Nina sobbing because George can’t enjoy her the means she likes him. The flash-forward at the end, with all the characters being one huge happy family members, was dynamic for its time; yet the idea that a gay male could be attracted to a woman if she plays her cards right is a bit unpleasant.

The “gay guys copulating straight ladies” concept gets back at weirder in Madonna’s 2000 movie The Second best Thing.2 gay friends When her character Abbie gets expectant after a drunken fling with her GBF Robert (Rupert Everett, much less successful this time around), she chooses to have the baby and also Robert agrees to be the live-in father, while they both continue to date other individuals. Yet then Abbie fulfills a guy who intends to get married and move to New york city, and the enchanting comedy spirals right into an unusual courtroom drama as they fight over guardianship of their child.

Roger Ebert gave the film one star as well as called it “a yard sale of gay problems,” it flopped at the box office, and also Everett later exposed that it brought about the collapse of his relationship with Madonna. It’s as great an indicator as any type of that we needed to put that plotline to remainder.

Tina Fey’s 2004 senior high school funny is proof that the gay buddy doesn’t need to be an offending or minor character, due to the fact that what would certainly Mean Women also lack “also gay to operate” Damian (Daniel Franzese) and also “huge lesbian crush” Janis (Lizzy Caplan)? (Yes, Janis’ schoolmates spread gay rumors about her and also she’s dating a boy by the end of the motion picture, yet we’re denying momentarily that she’s heterosexual.)

Why Is It So Difficult to Make Other Gay Buddies?

Possibly he indicated well, but this lightweight promise made me realise I was already in difficulty. I imply, that makes use of “least” and also “pal” in the exact same sentence, as if acquiring a person to hang around with in a non-sexual manner is some sort of pathetic alleviation prize?

In my bed room, I have journal after journal full of web pages of yearning for individuals that went away, never to return, to come back or at least discuss why they left. (To his credit, at the very least the French guy was honest enough to allow me understand that “you are not the one for me.”) My words for all the others review a great deal like broken heart, even though they were composed in memory of gay men I ‘d never even kissed.

I have actually invested my whole grown-up life trying to make pals with various other gays, just to feel just as alone and outcast as I did as a bookish thirteen-year-old in a sport-obsessed, country senior high school. Nobody suches as being turned down, however it’s absolutely more challenging when the door is nearby somebody who guaranteed you that they aren’t judgemental, and satisfaction themselves on escaping the vexatious superficial stereotypes that have actually long tormented, and to some extent been bolstered by, the gay area. In instance you have actually never ever used an application or dating site previously, let me offer you some instances: “Masc4Masc”, “No fems”, “No Asians”, or “Gym-fit seeking exact same”. Crude and discriminatory as these type of self-descriptors are, at the very least I recognize where I stand. A million miles apart with no desire to edge better, thanks.

For a long time, I thought it was just me who remained in this circumstance, which my most significant falling short was my look.2 gay friends If Instagram is to be thought, gay relationship is mainly muscled, tanned men smiling topless on the coastline or in a club bordered by an armour of hashtags. I figured that explained my battle. I am shy, awful as well as vegan, every one of which present a significant risk to anyone wanting to gain likes with the likes of #gaycute #gayhunk #gayhot. Relocating through this glossed world in this sorrowful body made me feel like I wore; but relocating even more intellectual crowds still made me feel like my mind and also thoughts implied absolutely nothing as long as I had the exact same offending face.

According to LGBT counsellor Clinton Power, there remain in fact lots of gay guys who locate it tough to make friends and experience “deep solitude as well as isolation.” Regretfully, these feelings of despair are not restricted to those who are closeted or in remote locations.

” There is substantial discrimination and judgment within the gay neighborhood itself. This is an unfortunate reality because numerous gay guys grew up being bullied and differentiated in some way,” claims Clinton.

” There is a strong cultural pressure to have actually a muscled health club body and also not suitable right into this stereotype can cause sensations of shame and self-loathing for some guys. The fact is several ‘A gays’ (attractive and gym-fit males) tend to create inner circles with comparable men and also have a tendency to omit males who do not fit their physical kind.”

But also for every A, there go to the very least two times as many Ps, Qs as well as Rs. Michael Hobbes’ piece, “Together Alone: the epidemic of gay isolation” attended to the elephant in the area by acknowledging that black cloud of solitude that has actually come to specify the contemporary gay scene. He kept in mind that “the rates of clinical depression, solitude as well as drug abuse in the gay neighborhood stay stuck in the same location they’ve been for years.” Hobbes’ tale– long past due for a lot of us– talked with those whose voices had been deafened or ignored, yet the sound it produced has been stifled– or suffocated– and also those who battle, continue to fight to be listened to or seen. Possibly it’s time for us to hijack social media as well as flood out the filtered pictures with our own; the device, besides, functions better when it’s being overturned.

When taking care of clients that feel they don’t come up to the excellence they see duplicated on social media sites, Clinton suggests them to “border yourself with good people and also discover a helpful people of people you connect with.” Friendship is, naturally, often a transient experience: individuals arrive as well as leave quicker than we would like them to, yet I additionally believe we fulfill the people we were implied to.

For a long time, I had a gay good friend who made every little thing make sense.2 gay friends He estimated me from his bible, The Velour Craze as well as, in return, I stated entire chunks from my preferred journalist, Elizabeth Wurtzel. (I still can not aid myself. Below you go: “I require things that occurs when your mind shuts down and also your heart turns on.”)

We were alone together and also his business made it feasible for me to breathe underwater. Some nights, I slept material just knowing that I recognized him. We would certainly take ourselves off on fictional trips overseas, transforming the boring city we resided in to somewhere formed by our very own hands.

Yet this buddy, who had much more friends than I can ever picture, was also deeply lonely. “Why does nobody desire my love?” he sighed. It’s a question that’s been asked a million times previously, and will certainly remain to be repeated till the earth finishes. I think it was inescapable that this buddy would leave, even though it upset me considerably at the time. I can’t help yet wonder if, to many of the gay males I have recognized, I was simply a passing interruption: a person who, in the beginning glance, the idea may have been able to save them from themselves.

Possibly it’s because gay men have actually long had to seek to the web to fulfill anyone that we romanticise– those behind the screen, or application– and wish that they could bring us the love we hunger for. Occasionally, that’s specifically what happens; other times, it fails.2 gay friends In using my friendship, I have always felt like the beggar woman from Beauty as well as the Monster, begging whoever opens the door to look beyond the gnarled flesh and dustcloths and also not transform me away dismissively once they locate a fan.

But this isn’t an unfortunate story, not totally. After a journey of Tolkien proportions, I managed to discover– and keep– 2 gay friends. If I wasn’t an optimist, I might have utilized adverbs like “just” or “just”– instead I just wish to recognize them for the rest of my life. In the beginning, I feared these friendships may evaporate or wear away right into threadbare dustcloth. Time has instructed me to expect whatever and also nothing, as well as merely to appreciate the moments we are with each other.

The need to love as well as be liked is certainly extremely important to human presence. Or else, Shakespeare never ever would certainly have placed ink to paper as well as we wouldn’t endure humdrum workplace jobs without grievance simply because there’s someone awaiting us at home. Yet the idea that enchanting partnerships are the only ones worth fostering is an unsafe delusion that can only make the lonely even more alone.

Human-heartedness, neuroscientific transformational coaching practices, insights, dialectics, as well as meetings to help creatives as well as queer thought leaders cope with integrity as well as appreciate even more flexibility, joy, as well as assurance.

Does Disney’s ‘Luca’ Have a Gay Character?There’s a team people who hang out, and also we are quite sure that a person of our good friends is gay. We uncommitted, we simply desire he wouldn’t hide it if that holds true. Should we ask him outright?